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The Team

Chris Sanders

Tel: 0141 331 8821 E-mail:

Chris worked for the Building Research Establishment (BRE) in Scotland for 29 years, initially on the risk of condensation and mould in houses and roofs and the assessment of the effects of moulds and mites on health. He carried out the analysis of the condensation and mould and energy data in the last four English House Condition Surveys, and was a member of the DETR working group that produced the EHCS Energy report. He has produced guidance documents giving advice on avoiding thermal bridging in housing and other buildings and carried out the thermal analysis of the Robust Details that were produced in association with Approved Document L1 of the English Building Regulations. He is Convenor of the CEN Working Groups developing European standards on moisture and climatic data and chairman of the BSI committee revising BS5250, the code of practice for condensation in buildings. He is actively involved with the UK Climate Impacts Programme and the BRE programme investigating the effects of climate change on future buildings and developing cost effective measures for the repair of housing after flooding. Chris headed the UK delegations to International Energy Agency (IEA) Annex 14 ‘Energy and Mould Growth in Buildings’, Annex 24 ‘Heat, Air and Mass Transport in Insulated Envelope Parts’ and Annex 41 ‘Whole building heat air and moisture response’. He was responsible for the Annex 24 and 41 reports on boundary conditions and the measurement and prediction of driving rain on buildings. He has developed guidance documents for methods of calculation the heat loss due to thermal bridges at the joints between building elements.

Paul Baker

Research Fellow
Tel: 0141 331 3546 E-mail:

Paul Baker has over 20 years experience in Building Science research, including air infiltration measurement and ventilation issues, passive solar energy use and moisture related problems in buildings. He has been a task leader in IEA and European projects involved with the assessment, measurement and analysis of the performance of building envelopes and components.

His current research activities include:

  • The development of sensors for the measurement of conditions in micro-environments to improve our understanding of the life-cycle of biocontaminants such as dust mites in carpets.
  • The Engineering Historic Futures Project, funded by the EPSRC as part of their climate-change research initiative "Building Knowledge for a Changing Climate", which examines the issues arising from water damage to historic buildings, and focuses on developing appropriate methodologies for drying.

Colin Hunter

Research Fellow
Tel: 0141 331 8752 E-mail:

Colin has particular interests in the microbiological aspects of air quality; distribution and significance of building pests and the prevention of biodeterioration of buildings and building materials.

Previously, he worked for the Building Research Establishment (BRE) for nearly sixteen years and was this organisation’s principal source of expertise on the building-related biological issues. His responsibilities included investigating factors influencing the number and range of biological particulates (fungi, bacteria and house-dust mite) in UK dwellings. Subsequently, he evaluated the potential remedial strategies for the control of these microbes, in particular house-dust mites.

Colin has been involved with a range interdisciplinary research programmes including the deterioration of carved historical stones for Historic Scotland; the hygienic status of HVAC ductwork; the occurrence of Legionella in domestic water systems and biological factors affecting the health of children. He has established DNA analytical techniques for moulds and is currently applying DNA quantification techniques to the “toxic mould” problem.

Mark Phillipson

Research Fellow
Tel: 0141 331 3546 E-mail:

Mark Phillipson has particular interests in the thermal performance of buildings, and the affects of climate change on buildings and their occupants. He is a building physicist by training, and has undertaken considerable research into the implications of thermal and moisture transport in buildings, sustainable construction, and climate change on UK construction.

He previously worked for the Building Research Establishment (BRE) in Scotland for 11 years with major research interests in:

  • climate change
  • sustainable construction
  • thermal performance of buildings
  • measurement of moisture movement within the building fabric.

Current research students include:

Emmanuel Adu Essah

PhD Student

Emmanuel has particular interests in the environment and energy issues of buildings. He has previously completed a Physics degree from the University of Science and Technology (Kumasi, Ghana), and an MSc degree in Renewable Energy and the Environment at the University of Reading, UK. He was employed in the Engineering department of the University of Reading where he worked as a Research Assistant in the field of Solar Energy (Photovoltaic systems and solar concentrators).

Ayyapan Kumaraperumal

PhD Student

Ayyapan is currently pursuing his PhD studies at Glasgow Caledonian University working on modelling and experimental aspects of engineering/environmental problems. Previously he completed a Master's programme from Northumbria University, Newcastle, UK in the field of Mechanical Engineering (CFD) in 2004. He graduated in Mechanical Engineering from Priyadarshini College of Engineering and Architecture (PCE&A) under Nagpur University, India. His strong proclivity towards environmental, climate change and fluid flow simulations motivated him to choose his MSc. Dissertation on 'Numerical simulation of flow in a typical jet reinforced exhaust system' using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software. He also worked as a Junior Design Engineer for a year in Nagpur, India.